Serosurvey Vs Herd Immunity Vs Vaccination In India!

The 4th Serosurvey done by the apex medical body ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) in June-July 2021 taking in over 28,000 samples in 21 states has shown that about 70% of the people of India (including children) have antibodies, that is to say, relative immunity against COVID-19 infections-which is a big jump from the 3rd survey done in January-February this year that showed only around 21% of people having antibodies. However, the ICMR study does not distinguish antibodies developed through natural viral infections or through vaccination in terms of numbers. Coming after the disastrously uncontrollable COVID-19 second wave which is yet to subside the result is extremely significant: it definitely shows a light of hope in terms of India coming closer to developing herd immunity, because earlier in 2020 experts said that at least 80% of population of any country must develop immunity to achieve herd immunity; and that around 70% of people of India are hopefully not going to have the serious type of the disease, thus reducing hospitalization and possible fatalities and possibly diminishing the impact of the feared third wave. But the fact remains that at least 400 million of India’s population are still susceptible to infections, dominated by the more infectious Delta variants, which puts the much hyped vaccination drive in India in poor light.

Now, the argument offered against trying to go for herd immunity (including the Government of India) had been the fact that at least 80% of people would have to get infected and in a country like India even with a lower fatality rate of around 1.5% the number of deaths would be huge and immensely unavoidable. We seem to see that the horrid second wave that nobody prepared for has nearly achieved that goal, costing possibly millions of lives. We know the official numbers: about 32 million of Indians have so far got the infections of which around 0.42 million (4.2 Lakh) died; vaccination has been done in more that 410 million people so far in terms of only the first dose, and fully vaccinated people represents only around 8% of the population. Even if we take into account all the people taking at least one dose and adding to that the naturally infected people that would account for only around 440 million people, officially of course, which would leave a huge chunk of population that has developed antibodies apart from the 400 million susceptible people (India’s population is now around 1.35 billion, and it is not known how. We try to offer our arguments on this apparent paradox (may not be for experts) as to why this could have possibly happened.

There was a recent international study that said India’s COVID-19 fatalities have been grossly under-reported, and in actual terms it would be 3.4 million in the best case and 4.9 million in the worst scenario which says in volumes about the possible actual infections that raged across the country. Although, as usual all the way, the Government had stoutly denied this, there had also been disputes regarding death figures in states like Madhya Pradesh where the said difference to the actual figure shown amounts to nearly 0.3 million (3 Lakh), in Uttar Pradesh there were no accounts of the number of dead bodies floating in river Ganga which scenario also applies to the state of Bihar, and in Gujarat the numbers of deaths have been allegedly tampered with several times and in Karnataka. The state-wise data of the 4th Serological Survey present a very interesting picture in this context.

The level of immunity or rather seropositivity rate shown by Madhya Pradesh is to the extent of 79%, the highest in the country, almost achieving herd immunity. Doesn’t this example show the extent of possible unreported infections as well as deaths that would amount to unimaginable figures? Similar scenarios are also seen in Rajasthan (76.2%), Bihar (75.9%), Gujarat (75.3%), Chhattisgarh (74.6%), Uttarakhand (73.1%), Uttar Pradesh (71%), Andhra Pradesh (70.2%), Karnataka (69.8%) and Tamil Nadu (69.2%). However, out of these states there have not been any controversies so far regarding actual numbers in Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Andhra Pradesh. The states of Odisha that has been seeing continuous and exponential daily infections, Punjab, Telangana, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Haryana have seropositivity rates in the sixties. These states have been bearing the brunt of infections from the beginning of the pandemic.

Interestingly again, the frontrunners in the pandemic spread, Kerala and Maharashtra have lower immunity rates, in fact, Kerala has the lowest rate of 44.4%, and Maharashtra having the highest number of infections and deaths in the country has 58% immunity. It can be explained this way: Kerala that started the pandemic in India had been handling the situation very well with effective measures and protocols thus protecting a large number of their people, also having the highest rate of vaccination in the country; but, some aberrations later on, in terms of mainly religious appeasement, more and more people are now getting exposed to the virus and at the moment it is accounting for half of daily national infections; in case of Maharashtra the state has been maintaining the highest level of transparency both in terms of daily infections and deaths-always revising the numbers adding the backlogs, and therefore, here the official numbers are not very different from the actual ones. Assam has also a lower seropositivity rate of 50% that can be largely because the state, along with other states of the north eastern region, had been relatively spared in the first wave, but the second wave led by the Delta variant has been ripping them apart.

A bit of personal experience should ideally be added in support of our projected scenario of a possible achievement of herd immunity at least in some of the states in near future. I would like to rate the municipal authorities in Maharashtra as the best, always visible, proactive and visiting or surveying every house in every locality for possible signs of infections and on finding immediately arranging tests, and on someone being found positive sealing the building instantly enforcing strict measures. The state has its own reasons in terms population density, travels, business and congestion for having the worst spread despite its most efficient control. Even then, I have first knowledge of many residents hiding or not testing their infections and if those were mild getting recovered without anyone knowing-with some of them observing strict isolation while Covidiots moving around infecting others, almost knowingly.

This unfortunate syndrome of hiding the symptoms of fever, cough or even loss of sense of smell and not going for RT-PCR tests have been most visible in several other compromised metro cities or towns where the municipal officials are hardly visible and infections being handled behind closed doors across colonies and buildings. I have felt this and witnessed this, and even now it is happening, though to a much lesser extent as the positivity rates in most parts of the country have fallen below 5%. The impact of this syndrome could well be imagined in the vast rural areas where there were no medical facilities even if some wanted to get tested or treated. The case of the asymptomatic carriers is also to be accounted for.

If we are indeed approaching the attainment of herd immunity as we have put forward the reasons for, then this is being done the hardest way-at horrible cost of lives and livelihoods. Had the Government of India taken the vaccination drive, started in January 2021, much more seriously, devoting all the doses for its citizens, and had it heeded the warnings about the second wave and taken strict measures we could have approached the same situation most scientifically and effectively. The risks are not over even now: 400 million people are still exposed to the virus and vaccination has still not picked up despite the promise, the hype, chest-thumping and boasting. We also don’t know if the second wave has ebbed and the third wave started, because the daily numbers are falling or rising daily. Hope good sense prevail among all the governments in view of the fact that the most infectious Delta variant and the still unknown quantity called Delta Plus are still around and can still create havoc, at least in the vulnerable states.

Autocar India – The Leading Automotive News Magazine in the Country

Autocar is clearly the established world leader when it comes to automotive news media. With a history of over 100 years, it easily bears the legacy of the world’s oldest automobile magazine. Autocar was first introduced in 1895, as a weekly British automobile magazine published by Haymarket Motoring Publications Ltd. Today, along with the UK, there are other editions including India, China and South Africa.

Launched in September 1999, Autocar India is the country’s leading authority for motorbike and car owners; always seeking to be a forerunner. The magazine is known for pioneering road testing in India, and is the last word on new cars and bikes because of its authentic road test verdicts. It was also the first magazine to explore the Tata Nano, and showcase its interiors. Other magazines are envious of its reputation for exemplary editorial content, as well as high production standards with the magazine receiving accolades from both the industry and consumers alike.

The Autocar India editorial team ranks among the most experienced editorial teams in India, producing daily news and reviews on the latest cars and motorbikes. Hormazd Sorabjee is the Editor, with an experience of over 25 years in writing about cars; from a 65-ton battle tank to a Formula 1 car, he has driven it all. Shapur Kotwal is Deputy Editor and a part of each of the magazine’s extensive road testing activities. He also supervises test instrumentation, data acquisition and has commanded the most experience as a road tester in India. Akbar Merchant leads the staff writers, who cover all the latest scoops, launches, developments, and breaking news in the Indian automotive industry.

Autocar India’s monthly content includes exclusive news, features, and fascinating automobile stories. The magazine was the first to pioneer the concept of advertorials in India. Incidentally, it contains the largest and liveliest classified services section among any other monthly automobile magazine.

Autocar India promises to- “Get you the perfect fix of heady automobiles and dish out thorough reviews of the latest cars and bikes on Indian streets.” The world of cars is exciting to so many of us and Autocar brings alive its piquant stories and engaging features; making it the must-read magazine for everyone interested in cars.

Autocar India has always remained true to its heritage with its exhaustive and authoritative road tests. The best in the business, they have grown from being just a car magazine to becoming the expert on any car brand. The magazine boasts of a readership of more than twice the readership available for the closest rival, making it, by far, India’s best-selling car magazine. But more than the numbers, it is the content that makes it India’s best car magazine.

Autocar is known for being the only magazine to provide content towards leading dailies like The Telegraph, The Hindu, The Hindustan Times and more. Editor Hormazd Sorabjee also hosts the popular show on UTVi on cars and bikes.

According to a report, the Indian vehicle manufacturing industry has increased its growth by 13% over 10 years now, and contributes 6% to India’s GDP. Autocar India had joined hands with Bloomberg TV to present the awards praising the role of the automotive industry for increasing the growth rate of the Indian economy. Awards include: Renault Duster for “Car of the Year (Jury’s Choice)”, “Viewer’s Choice Car of the Year”, and “SUV of the Year”. Mahindra and Mahindra won the ‘Manufacturer of the Year’ award. “Bajaj KTM 200 Duke” won “Bike of the Year (Jury’s Choice)” and “Viewer’s Choice Bike of the Year” awards.

With India being the third largest internet user in the world, there is little doubt that at least a quarter of them will be hooked onto digital reading, which gives them access to an Autocar India digital subscription. Going by the population of the world and the number of internet users, there is no doubt that digital magazines are the future. Also with the access to mobiles and tablets that can be used as readers, the development of apps for publishing and reading has taken the market by storm; to announce that the future is here! Publishers that have made the switch have already realized the benefits and profits.

Autocar being the oldest automobile magazine has also been the first to switch to the digital version of the magazine. With an Autocar e-magazine you can do much more than you would with a paper magazine. As the magazine is always in the cloud, you can access it at any point in time from practically anywhere; get interactive content on the go and within the app too. Consumers who are unable to carry their favorite magazines around during travel can switch to the digital format of the magazine with ease.

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Bhubaneshwar – Attractive Investment Destination in Eastern India

Bhubaneshwar is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Orissa. Renowned German architect Otto Konigsberg designed the modern city of Bhubaneshwar in 1946. The city is also referred as the “Temple City of India” as it contains a large number of Hindu temples.

Bhubaneshwar was essentially designed to be a residential city having outlying industrial areas. Until the 1990s the city didn’t have any major investor and was dominated mainly by Public Sector Units, small scale and retail manufacturing. Today, Bhubaneshwar is one of the most preferred investment destinations of India.

Bhubaneshwar is ranked the 5th fastest growing Indian city in terms of real estate. It has the sacred towns of Puri and Konark and attracts many pilgrims and tourists every year.

Transport Infrastructure

Bhubaneshwar has well-developed roadways and houses the headquarters of the Orissa State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC). Even the headquarters of the East Coast Railway is located in Bhubaneshwar. Through the daily express, passenger and weekly trains it is connected to major Indian cities such as Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Gwalior, Ahmedabad, Lucknow, Bhopal, Jaipur and Ujjain.

Bhubaneshwar also houses Orissa’s only domestic airport, the Biju Patnaik Airport, also called as the Bhubaneshwar airport. It has regular flights to major Indian destinations.


Bhubaneshwar has emerged to be one of the fastest developing semiconductor and IT hubs of India. The state government has furthered the IT growth in Bhubaneshwar by building IT parks such as Infocity 1 and the new Infocity 2. The Info City was conceptualized as a 5-star IT park, as per the Export Promotion Industrial Parks (EPIP) Scheme.

Bhubaneshwar also houses reputed IT companies such as Satyam Computer Services Ltd., and Infosys, which have been in Bhubaneshwar since 1996-97. In February 2008, another esteemed company, Wipro, started its operation in Bhubaneshwar. This state has also earned an extraordinary distinction of being the first city to accommodate the top four Indian IT companies, namely Infosys, TCS, Mahindra Satyam and Wipro.

In addition, it has also attracted foreign companies such as Nethawk (Finnish Telecommunication Company), IBM, Robert Bosch and Gennum Corporation (Canada).

Future Plans for the City

The Vision 2030 and Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) framed by the Department of Architecture and Regional Planning at IIT Kharagpur, ideates integration of two big cities of Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar into a single 720 sq. Km Urban Complex.

This Vision 2030 aims at transforming Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar into a world-class urban center to create attractive investment opportunities from both, domestic and overseas sources.

The Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) strives to create textile parks and prime urban centers in the Bhubaneswar – Cuttack Urban Complex. It also envisages promoting intra-regional mass transportation networks through better airway and railway connections. It also aims at promoting tourism through film city projects, theme parks and travel circuits such as art villages, nature trails and Palace-on-Wheels.

The CDP has also suggested the creation of theme oriented cities on the lines of education, health and software. A Special Tourism Park is also expected to facilitate tourism in the Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konark Corridor.

By drawing a talent pool of around 50,000 general and 20,000 technically qualified graduates in Orissa, the city aims to export software worth approx. $1000 million by 2011-2012.

Role of Computers in Architecture in India

In the technological and advanced world, the use of computers in India has became an essential part for any kind of innovation or invention as its benefits and significance are not hidden by anyone. The computer came into existence in the 1940s and India took a decade to purchase it. No one can imagine their daily or official life without the use of computers though it is replaced by the invention of laptops and portable devices. It’s a useful element due to its time and energy saving performances in every possible field such as science, manufacturing, engineering etc and one of the most essential fields is “architecture”.

All the working stages in the architecture field requires the computer in order to increase the accuracy along with speed. The computer-aided design is one of the great advances for the development of architectural field with engineering design projects as they both are directly proportional to each other.

Architects are very well known for creating presentations whether it is 2D constructions documents or 3D models along with typical business documents on the computer. The concept of the computer aid design means an understanding application of the difficult structures with the help of computer solved equations and information generation. The reason behind the use and acceptance of computer in India is simple as it is much more efficient with minimal wastage of time without any glitch.

Use and importance of computer in all the fields are different but here is the role of computers in different areas of architectures:

Business functions: Like many other businesses in India, numerous architecture firms and individual architects consider the use of computers in order to complete many functions of businesses like interacting with the clients through skype or mail, maintaining records which can be accessed easily by employees, conducting particular researches etc.

In addition to this, they utilize the computers for sensing the multiple images, messages and also coordinating files between the design team, engineer and the construction manager.

Preparation of the presentations: Many building proposals in India required the presentations for their various clients such as Jaipur engineering colleges or many professional businesses. Architects prepared the structure of any project in a digital model for its efficiency and fulfilling all its requirements. The purpose accomplished by the computers is the creation of image boards, brochures, formal reports or slideshows with other media messages. Architects use graphic design software in order to facilitate the layout of each proposal as it is much more time saving plus fulfilling.

Documents of Constructions: The computer-generated construction documents in various businesses and engineering colleges Jaipur in India are the perfect replacement of blueprints which used to drawn by hands originally. Now the computers and computer aid design are being used by the numerous architects as a basic tool for creating and modifying the structural designs.

Creation of 3D models: By creating a virtual 3D model on the computer, architects now have the ability to illustrate segments and projects for the clients without making a physical model. There are the rendering options in the computer through accurate representations of lighting, texture, and color can be done.

Such software and innovations have reduced the level of stress and provided with the opportunity to apply dream into digital practicality. India has already faced the boom in the IT industry when the computer was introduced. With more digitization, India will be one of the most advanced and technological countries soon.

COVID-19’s Impact on the Economy of India

The Covid-19 epidemic is one of the major disasters in the history of pandemics. The impact of corona virus pandemic is very disturbing and it has spared no one with its ill effects. There has been a major increase in the death rates across the world. Not only people are losing their loved ones but they are also losing their jobs and their source of income. Economic activities of more than 100 countries have been affected and some of the countries have even asked for monetary help from IMF.

Impact on Economy of India:

India is a developing economy and after the Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced 21 day lockdown for the safety of people, the country has observed a high unemployment and economic depression. India has observed a great decrease in growth of the income and government revenues as the novel corona virus hits economic activities of India as a whole. According to a recent study the country has observed a job loss of 40 million people, majorly in the unorganized sectors.

Schools and colleges have been shut down; sports events such as IPL are postponed, businesses across the world like entertainment, hospitality, aviation, restaurants, hotels, pubs, malls, transport and factories have also faced major negative impacts in terms of their economy. Due to the fear of corona virus people were not going out of their houses even to buy daily necessary items, all these have somewhere contributed in affecting the economy.

There has been a cut in the global growth from 2.9% to 2.4%, and it may fall as low as 1.5% according to the Organization for Economic Co- Operation and Development (OECD).

The lockdown in India will have a major impact on the consumption level which is the main element of GDP. There will be a disruption of global trade and supply chain this will majorly affect the countries that are strong exporters and also those countries which are importers.

  • Total electronic import of India is equal to 45% that of China. India imports approximately two-fifths of organic chemicals and one-third of machinery from China along with automotive parts and fertilizers.
  • Also approximately 90% of mobiles and 65% to 70% of active pharmaceutical ingredients are imported from China to India.

There will be an expected global trade fall up to 32% in the year 2020 according to the World Trade Organization (WT0).

Sectorial Impacts:

Labour sector:

  • This sector is the worst impacted as most of the labourers lost their jobs as most of them were engaged in construction companies and were daily wage works.
  • Quarantine and travelling restrictions have left Indian factories short of labours.
  • The country has seen people moving from urban areas to rural areas.


  • According to the NRAI which represents may restaurants have advised its restaurants to shut down. Also all the restaurants, clubs, pubs, cafes have been shut down according to the orders by the government. Also orders on online food delivery platforms such as zomato and swiggy have experienced a major fall of about 60% during the pandemic.

Food and Agriculture:

  • This sector contributes majorly in GDP to the employment sector. The supply of food and agriculture products such as dairy products, edible oils and cereals will be highly affected this year.
  • The Agro- chemical companies which deal with the import of raw materials and export for finished goods will also be affected.
  • The online food grocery also suffers a great loss due to the lack of delivery vehicles.
  • There has been a major loss in the consumer demand for commodities such as sea food, grapes and mangoes.

Online business:

  • This sector contributes 10% to the Indian GDP and its major segments are healthcare, household and personal care products, and food and beverage sector.
  • Due to the fear of corona virus people are avoiding to stock essential commodities such as rice, flour and lentils due to which their is rise in the sales of FMCG companies which saw it fall in trade due to disrupted chain supply.


  • This sector contributes 305 to 35% to the Indian GDP. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Madhya Pradesh have the highest number of registered MSME’S according to an estimated study by AIMO a quarter of over 75 million is facing closure and if the closure still continues for four weeks then if will affect the employment of 114 million people affecting the GDP.
  • Garments, consumers goods, logistics have faced a decrease in the business and the MSMEs engaged is still functioning but is likely to isolate due to the purchasing capacity and plunging liquidity constraints.
  • Since most of the MSMEs depend on the loan funding from the government, there has been a relief since the RBI had announced a three months repayments of loans and reduction in the repo rate.

Stated above are some of the negative impacts that the corona virus has on the economy of India. But this pandemic has all taught us many things. Many Multi National Companies have now shifted from physical to online platforms. People have now started working from home. The digital world got a push during this pandemic as people have now started using apps like PayTM, Google pay for the payment instead of using cash. The schools and colleges have now started operating online on zoom meeting, Google meets and Google classrooms. Students are now able to access their assignments online and they can now give their exams online through various platforms. This crisis also highlighted the importance of investing in technologies and such as cloud data, self service capabilities, e-business, e-governance and cyber security.

This pandemic has also made us realize that we should never forget to appreciate what we have in our lives and we should never forget to thank god for the lives that we have. At CSS Founder, we aim to provide businesses with our world-class assistance, at minimal fee. Our team of professionals aim to help businesses grow despite the serious impact of the pandemic.

Offshore Alternatives to a Politically and Economically Unstable India

Outsourcing: A love / hate relationship for U.S. I.T. professionals. Ask the average employee in any I.T. organization, and hearing about fear of jobs going to India and China is almost unavoidable. Although many have started the move toward business service management (BSM) to address the chaotic labor trends, I.T. labor itself still consumes over one-third of I.T. budgets. This figure is perfectly in line with a recently published Gartner report stating that 37% of the typical I.T. budget goes directly to personnel costs. What are you as the CIO going to do to manage this frenzied situation? Is outsourcing, or “offshoring,” the answer?

How can you outsource your operations to a foreign country and still maintain compliance with best practice frameworks such as ITIL or MOF? How do you maintain Sarbanes-Oxley, PCI, or HIPAA compliance when utilizing 100% offshore resources with far less control?

Almost everyone in the I.T. sector has at least one story about various operational tasks being “offshored” to India, and no call-center, network operations center (NOC), or infrastructure team has been immune to rumors of jobs going offshore. No longer are the cities of Mumbai and Delhi simple manufacturing hubs and suppliers of raw materials. The country is home to some of the largest corporate call centers and development centers in the world. In late 2005, the Indian outsourcing workforce numbered 350,000 individuals. That total is now estimated at well over 800,000, with many new positions going unfilled due to the lack of qualified candidates.

Eleven years ago this month, USA Today published an article titled “Can political instability be eliminated in India?” Looking solely at the news of the past six months, the answer to that question is an obvious NO.

The trend toward a twenty-first century India has not fostered the sort of sweeping political change one might expect from the world’s most populous democracy. Moreover, the unwillingness of the Indian government to more robustly combat intellectual property theft is the stuff that causes your legal team to lose MANY nights of sleep.

Recession has made its way to India as well. The 4 December 2008 issue of The New York Times ran an article discussing the wave of outsourcing firms scaling back their daily operations in India due to the unhealthy global financial climate. As of this week, the Indian rupee is at a record low.

India makes a strong case as the “global back office,” yet it has failed to produce an environment supporting front-office operations such as product innovation and corporate strategies. The prevailing thought of the past 5 years has been that Indian outsourcing firms are masterful in the art of efficiency and product development measures. What about now?

On 7 January 2009, Indian stocks took a nosedive in the wake of announcements by Satyam Computer Services that corporate profit summaries had been inflated for several years. The announcement by Satyam’s chairman and co-founder that he had directly falsified accounting documents on an ongoing basis has thrown the entire Indian outsourcing industry into dramatic turmoil. As a provider of back-office services for many of the largest banks and healthcare institutions in the world, the result of the SATYAM crisis is nothing short of devastating.

By Friday, January 9, 2009 news sources were reporting that interim CEO Ram Mynampati does not have faith that the firm can continue past the next few weeks. Mynampati stated they were working to find the liquidity to pay current employees, suppliers, and creditors.

In less than a week, the crisis has crossed the Pacific Ocean and hit U.S. shores. Auditing giant PricewaterhouseCoopers is expected to pay a hefty price for the emerging fraud. The auditor has been responsible for Satyam financial oversight for over eight years, and Satyam investors are expected to go to court in attempts to recoup losses. According to legal sources from within India, most are likely to attack PricewaterhouseCoopers directly rather than Satyam.

The tragic events of November 2008 in Mumbai clearly show that the concerns go much deeper. Over 200 people were killed in the attacks, and the entire central business district in Mumbai ground to a halt for several days, resulting in billions of dollars in lost labor. Within one week of the attacks, five high-profile Indian cabinet members were forced to resign. On 1 December, TIME magazine posed the question “Will India’s Government Survive the Mumbai Massacre?”

Many companies are selecting alternate destinations, and some trends show an actual migration OUT of India to other knowledge-rich environments such as Singapore, The Philippines, Armenia, Pakistan, and various Latin American countries. Companies requiring less interaction with the public (for example, a software development center) may select destinations where English is not the primary language, or in some cases, is not a language spoken at all. Companies building public-facing operations such as helpdesks or call centers are being forced to reconsider earlier decisions, and many are moving to more English-centric countries like Taiwan and the Philippines.

Key players are making a strong case for themselves as these trends develop. In the Western Hemisphere, Costa Rica and Peru have marvelous records of rock-solid software development and high customer satisfaction ratings. In Europe, Armenia is emerging as a major powerhouse and model of efficiency. In Asia, many are discovering that the almost-perfect English spoken in Taiwan and the Philippines combined with some labor costs equal to or less than those in India make each a destination of choice. In fact, the November 30 edition of The New York Times Magazine featured a four-page article touting the viability of the Philippines as a premier outsourcing destination.

While China, Russia, and Korea have fantastic talent pools, the labor cost and in some cases difficulty dealing with local and national governments make them less attractive to some U.S. based companies.

While being one of the lesser-mentioned yet more historically colorful European countries, Armenia is a virtual strongbox of extraordinary talent. As mentioned by the CIA World Factbook, 18% of Armenia’s current population is under the age of 15, meaning the talent pool is poised for huge growth.

Armenia declared independence from the former Soviet Union on 21 September, 1991 and is now a bastion of political stability (a particularly attractive factor for the O&O industry). A healthy GDP real-growth rate of 13.7% makes Armenia one of the top producers in the EU.

Additionally, Armenia is rapidly becoming a major challenger in the index of relative economic freedom. As reported by the Heritage Foundation, the change has been nothing short of amazing. In 2000, Armenia ranked 84th in relative economic freedom. As of late 2008, Armenia ranked 28th – ahead of European powerhouses Spain (31st) and France (48th) and just behind Sweden at 27th.

Hong Kong ranked #1 on the list for 2008, with the U.S.A. at #5.

The appraisal of economic freedom is based on 50 economic indicators within the following categories: capital flow and foreign investment; financial systems; monetary, budget, and trade policies; salaries and prices; government interference in the economy; property rights and regulations; and black markets.

Many outsourcing experts are finding a presence in Armenia quite successful for many of their clients and partners. The cooperation offered by the Armenian government to ease immigration and visa restrictions for executives and other technical employees traveling between Armenia and the United States has been a huge advantage to many, and this is compounded by great satisfaction with the talent pool offered by this European country.

Having a stable presence in Armenia is but one example of alternatives to the current Indian instability. There are numerous other alternatives as well, and diversification is going to be the keystone to success over the next few years.

As pointed out by one CEO, “…the logical approach for today’s global economy is to diversify. Many of my contacts who previously invested heavily in Indian resources are already asking for new alternatives, and we believe the best approach is to simply avoid the old cliché of “putting all the eggs in one basket.”

Singapore has emerged as another destination of choice, with an extremely stable economy and government as well as strictly enforced laws on intellectual property rights. Perfect English is widely spoken, and the country is considered one of the top-five technical innovators in the world.

Originally founded as a British trading colony in 1818, Singapore joined the Malaysian federation for a short two years ending in 1965. Now completely independent, Singapore is undeniably one of the most prosperous, diverse, and cosmopolitan destinations in the world and has a per capita GDP greater than that of many “leaders” in Western Europe.

In 2006, the World Bank rated Singapore as “the most business-friendly economy in the world.” Immediately behind London, New York, and Tokyo, Singapore is the fourth largest foreign exchange trading hub in the world.

The country is home to three major state universities: The National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University, resulting in a literacy rate over 93%. The island nation accomplishes it all with a geographic size only three times that of Washington, DC.

The Philippines and U.S.A. share not only a very similar legal system but the English language as well. Companies in the legal sector consider this fact especially attractive. Once a U.S. colony, the Philippines has a workforce that is already familiar with many legal factors not readily obvious to those in countries with less of a seasoned relationship with the United States.

A few facts about the Philippines:

  • Population of 91,000,000 as of 2008
  • 550,000 college graduates per year on Average
  • Educated labor pool of Over 30,000,000
  • Entry-level I.T. salaries average $2500-$8000 USD P.A.
  • Top-quality CBD real-estate costs average $17 PSF
  • 95% literacy rate
  • English as a primary language

In 2003 the world’s largest law firm centralized systems operations and support in Fort Bonifacio Global City in the Philippines.

The initiative has been so successful, the service has grown hundreds of staff covering Systems Operations, Service Desk and Development as well as Document and Legal services.

Scott Noble, NOC creator and former Director said “We had 35 countries with existing offices to chose from. Philippines turned out to be perfect because of it’s cultural ease, time zone, infrastructure and most of all, it’s wealth of top notch IT talent. The skill and professionalism of the staff we selected is outstanding. I can’t imagine achieving what we did with anywhere near the same time or budget in the other countries we compared.”

From 1997 to 2008, companies such as Citibank, Fluor, IBM, Convergys, Telus, HSBC, Dell, JP Morgan, Siemens, and Deutsche Bank have all opened major offshore facilities in the Metro Manila area of the Philippines.

More than just a country filled with call centers, the Philippines is home to dozens of offshore operations involving network operations, wireless services, energy, shipping and logistics, legal and medical transcription, finance and accounting, and software development.

The country is now recognized by some as the top destination of choice in Southeast Asia. In 2006, the country generated in excess of $3.0 billion in outsourced operations, and that figure is expected to more than double by the end of 2009. The Philippine government has targeted a global market share of 8 to 10% in the O&O market by 2011.

Regardless of where you go, there is no “single best answer” to every situation. When looking for that “trusted advisor” to help you make your next outsourcing, offshoring, development, or infrastructure decision, you need a firm with the knowledge, process, devotion, and proven direction to make it a success.

Only by in-depth knowledge of your core business can any firm help in an effective O&O engagement. You need a firm that endeavors to understand and optimize how the process will enhance not only the I.T. department, but all other business units as well.

O&O will continue to gain momentum over the next few years, regardless of what happens in the Indian subcontinent. The recent events in India and the surrounding territories are but a small stumbling-block to an ever-evolving global business model.

Businesses today realize that three very important factors have emerged in the outsourcing and offshoring industry:

  • O&O cannot and should not be based on the “one size fits all” methodology anymore. Diversification is the key.
  • Every situation is different.
  • Unless you are prepared to invest in learning foreign tax and H/R systems, unfamiliar holidays, unique infrastructure, governmental regulations, and possibly a few foreign languages, you NEED a trusted advisor on your side.

Companies and their investors who spent the billions of dollars (and thousands of man-hours) building outsourced operations based solely in India have found that trying to separate the technology from the actual business process is not only foolish-it is futile. Outsourcing and offshoring can provide limitless possibilities, but they must be done with precision , care, and proper distribution.

Rather than outright withdrawal from offshoring operations, now is the time for diversification.

“There is timing in the whole life of the warrior, in his thriving and declining, in his harmony and discord. Similarly, there is timing in the Way of the merchant, in the rise and fall of capital. All things entail rising and falling timing. You must be able to discern this..” – Miyamoto Musashi , 1645

Top 10 Best B2B Websites in India in 2018

Why B2B Websites are Becoming Popular:


Global Exposure, 24X7 live showroom, instant enquiries, potential buyers are the main reasons for becoming these B2B Websites popular. Now entire world has become Global Business Village and the Smart Phones making this village into our hands. All this is what B2B entrepreneur dream and wish for. The call from global business village is to recognize the value of Internet and transform businesses with effective E-Presence. For any new or existing Business, the Global appeal is the pre-requisite in the present era. With the growing competition, there arose a need among the business enterprises to promote their business online and appeal to global customers. At the same time, the need for a common B2B showroom to exhibit their products and a platform to promote their business became necessary and urgent. Besides this, the incessant price war and competetion among the business entrepreneurs to revolutionize their business to attract more of potential buyers and crack more of prolific deals accounted for the presence of a common platform where they can promote their business online.

Top 10 Best B2B Websites in India in 2018:

1. IndiaMart:


IndiaMART is India’s largest online B2B marketplace, connecting buyers with suppliers. With 60% market share of the online B2B Classified space in India, the channel focuses on providing a platform to Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs), large enterprises as well as individuals. Founded in 1999, the company’s mission is ‘to make doing business easy’. IndiaMART has 2539, employees located across 76 offices in the country. The Website is very well organized the products based on their category, Brand wise, Supplier wise, Location wise etc. User can easily find out the products to Sell or Buy on the Website.

2. TradeIndia:


Launched in the year 1996, TradeIndia offering the Indian Business community a platform to promote themselves globally.It has created a niche as India’s largest B2B marketplace, offering comprehensive business solutions to the Domestic and Global Business Community through its wide array of online services, directory services and facilitation of trade promotional events. Our portal is an ideal forum for buyers and sellers across the globe to interact and conduct business smoothly and effectively. With an unmatched expertise in data acquisition and online promotion, Tradeindia subsumes a huge number of company profiles and product catalogs under 2,256 different product categories and sub-categories. It is well promoted on all major search engines and receives an average of 20.5 million hits per month.

Tradeindia is maintained and promoted by INFOCOM NETWORK LTD. Today we have reached a database of 44,87,116 registered users, and the company is growing on a titanic scale with a considerable amount of new users joining/registering everyday, under the innovative vision and guidance of Mr. Bikky Khosla, CEO.

3. exportersindia:


Incepted in the year 1997, this portal is owned and managed by weblink.In Pvt Ltd., one of the leading names in the realm of web design and development and e-commerce solutions. Backed up by an invincible experience and dexterity, weblink.In Pvt Ltd. has provided this portal the much-required exposure to the global business arena. For the same, this portal has become the sure shot solution for all requirements of the buyers as well as the sellers. providing a complete solution provider to all your business queries, where business enterprises have benefited by the much needed promotion and exposure in the current scenario of global market. Exportersindia has become a strong source of reliability because of the use of peerless technology and innovative measures. This online B2B directory is the home of in-numerous products and businesses across the globe and hence it serves as the ideal destination for every one who wants to witness a bloom in the global trade scenario.



This is also one of the fastest growing B2B Website in India. They mainly focusing on bulk buying and selling of ‘Packaging’ materials. Started in 2014, by Aniket Deb, Sachin Agrawal and Ankit Tomar (IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi graduates), the startup found an investor in Accel Partners. It initially started as a platform for plastic and chemical product categories, but as of now, there are only packaging products listed on the website. Its main USPs are knowledgeable team and ability to adapt with changing business environment. Very well maintained Categories and solutions, Good GUI to trace the required Product with ease for the Buyers and Sellers making this Website a popular B2B Website in India. The Primary Categories includes Food packaging, Bottles, rigid and protective packaging, Crates, Pallets, Drums, Dustbins, Packaging Bags & Boxes, Flexible films, Pouches and Bubblewraps.

5. JimTrade:


JimTrade mainly concentrates on Indian Products for Global Marketing. It is one of the India’s leading business-to-business (B2B) Media Company that facilitates global trade, with a particular focus on the Indian market, by providing information to international buyers and integrated marketing services to suppliers. It provides the complete and upto date information on Indian products and suppliers for buyers. JimTrade is the number one destination for buyers to source Indian products and for Indian sellers to find trade opportunities and promote their businesses online. JimTrade has information of more than 5,00,000 Indian suppliers and products. It has thousands of registered buyers who access this information daily.

6. India.TradeFord:


India.TradeFord is another popular B2B Platform to the Global buyers and Players. Actually the has many regional sites in various countries like China, India, Malaysia, UK, USA etc. The is India’s regional B2B Platform for User can create their company’s websites at free and can publish their products online with ease. The very well maintained categories on Product wise and Company wise making this website popular among the B2B Platforms.



FICCI-B2B is run by India’s largest and oldest non-government business organization FICCI ( Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry). Established in 1927, FICCI is the largest and oldest apex business organisation in India. Its history is closely interwoven with India’s struggle for independence, its industrialization, and its emergence as one of the most rapidly growing global economies.

A non-government, not-for-profit organisation, FICCI is the voice of India’s business and industry. From influencing policy to encouraging debate, engaging with policy makers and civil society, FICCI articulates the views and concerns of industry. It serves its members from the Indian private and public corporate sectors and multinational companies, drawing its strength from diverse regional chambers of commerce and industry across states, reaching out to over 2,50,000 companies.

FICCI provides a platform for networking and consensus building within and across sectors and is the first port of call for Indian industry, policy makers and the international business community.

8. Udaan:


Udaan is an app based B2B solution that provides awesome services. It was founded by three top executives of Flipkart and got $10 million dollars funding from ‘venture capital’. Udaan empowers traders, wholesalers, retailers and manufacturers in India to make business deals. Over 20,000 traders are using this platform to make wholesale purchases. This is nicely organized the products on category wise and the User can easily find the Products to Buy/Sell on their handsets.

9. tradeexporters:


TradeExporters is also one of the fastest growing B2B Platform in India. It maintains both Indian Companies as well as Non-Indian Companies. It has well maintained categories, News, Updates, Expos etc. on its portal which is very useful to the Buyers and Sellers to exhibit their products online and offline. You can also find the Sell offers / Buy offers / Trade shows on its Portal to maximise the User benefits. One more useful information it is providing is, about the New Companies and their Products where you can find the innovative products at your best price.

10. india.tradekey:


India.tradekey is a unique and leading B2B in India. An ISO 9001 & 27001 company, the India.Tradekey has one-stop shop for all Products, Buyers, Sellers, Services and Trade Programs. It has over 6 Million Registered members worldwide. It has ranked among the Asia’s fastest 500 companies and 2nd Largest B2B Market Place in the World.

Hindi EBooks, India and the EBook Market Revolution

Market potential for eBook sales in India is immense but are Indians embracing eBooks and how is this influenced?

As at June 2011 a reported 850 million Indians were mobile phone subscribers with a projected rise to 1 billion by 2013 which will rival China.

Reports suggest that approximately 100 million Indians were internet users at the beginning of 2011 which represents a mere 8% of the population but still placed India 3rd in the world league table of users but with one of the world`s lowest internet penetration rates. At June 2011 less than 1% of the population were Broadband users.

Clearly, on a simplistic numbers analysis, the potential for manifold growth of Indian internet consumers is vast but how does this sit with the evolving e-book market?

To date, the volume of Indian eBook purchases has been steady and developing rather than explosive, in line with many other countries who have been slow starters. There have been limiting factors such as prohibitive cost and inaccessibility to e-reading devices, the lack of a broadband service with adequate internet speeds to service fast download and scarcity of published eBook titles due to squabbles between authors and other vested parties and publishers slow to convert their catalogues to the digital version. However, these market dynamics are changing as competition intensifies and more platforms to download and read eBooks are introduced. PC tablets, smartphones and a variety of specialist e-readers are bringing consumer choice to market which can only benefit pricing. As India rolls out its broadband program, faster internet speeds are being integrated. A much wider selection of eBook titles will come to market as eBook publishing houses,authors,agents and retailers reach agreement on the financial fundamentals.

Indians generally have become conversant with developing e-commerce in the form of e-newsletters,e-marketing,e-newspapers and aspects of e-learning. The concept of an eBook presents a different dilemma as it is a personal choice reading medium which does not offer the physical `feel` of a paperback book and, to some, will sit uncomfortably with their traditional reading habits and rationale. Some will be reticent to change and others will embrace. In many respects the eBook revolution mirrors that of the music industry a few years back when it would have been unthinkable to consider that downloading a song or album to an mp3 player could essentially replace the music CD.Could the eBook replace the paperback?

If we examine a sector of the current market say Hindi eBooks you will find a wide range of subject matter both in English and the native Hindi language word covering categories such as Hinduism for children, The Holy books of Hinduism, Hindi early stage learning eBooks for children and a multitude of Hindi verses, poems and scriptures. Educational eBooks download is a particular favorite where medical, accounting and engineering eBooks are popular. The entertainment and leisure industry is also well represented with eBook titles covering Bollywood, cricket, autobiographies, an array of Indian cooking recipe eBooks, fiction and non-fiction, to name just a few.

The current `eBook India` market is being driven by young Indian students, professionals and parents, who recognise that modernity in the shape of digital reading for learning,education and entertainment can co-exist or enhance traditional methods without compromising cultural values, beliefs and faiths. Their recognition of the eBook age lies not only in their thirst for keeping pace with technological advancement (and parity with their children’s development) but also that e-reading passes the practicality and immediacy test-crucial for today’s fast paced world. They see value in the merits of a portable lightweight reading device that can store a whole library of books and can be topped up with a download in minutes. These groups are discerning and driven and will continue to be the catalyst for growth in the eBook market.

Currently the US and UK markets lead the way. reports that the US business has sold 3 times as many eBooks in 2011 as the same period in 2010 and that eBooks are now outselling paper and hard backs combined. Since April 2011, reports that for every 100 hard backs it sells 240 eBooks.

As the ingredients fall into place for the Indian eBook market, the expectation is of rapid consumer growth and whilst there will always be a place for traditional means, digital advancement is unrelenting and all absorbing.

Finding the Best Website Design Company in India

India is the hotspot for website designing presently and it does not disappoint! The web design firms in the country are some of the best on the internet and deliver quality work at the lowest of prices. It is no wonder then, that a majority of people are contacting Indian website design companies to either design or re-design their websites. The result is always satisfactory and attracts huge amounts of internet traffic, much to the benefit of the site’s owner.

But, with the plethora of website designers present in India, how can you find out which ones are good and which are not? The answer is simple – research it! The large number of website design companies and the tedious task might seem daunting at first, but it pays rich dividends in the long run. In this day and age, researching can be done online, especially for a web design firm. Here are a few tips that might come in handy when you go looking for those who will design your website.

First of all, check out the location of the company, whether it is in a metropolitan area or not. Website designers are more likely to opt for firms based in metros and major cities due to the presence of better opportunities. Therefore, location means better talent for your business in this field. But, if a website design company you like is not located in one of the metros of India, it still will not hurt to check out its work. There might be a little difference between the charges being levied by the website design firms in metros and non-metros, but the difference is nominal, and completely affordable.

Also, check the previous websites designed by the company, so that you can get a better idea regarding what kind of sites the website designer possesses experience in. Most designers do put up links of the companies that have done work for, so it will not be difficult to get hold of their work. If you like a certain web design company, ask it for the statistics of the number of visitors received for any particular website it developed. Footfall, obviously, will let you determine the effectiveness of the site as well as the web design India.

If you are offering prospective clients certain products or willing to render services, and aim to grow your business, then your website must be searchable. This means that the website designer should be proficient in making the site search engine friendly. If your site comes in among the first few pages of the searches carried out by Google, Yahoo, Bing, and other search engines, then promoting your business would become a piece of cake.

The thousands of Indian web design organizations offer variegated packages to prospective clients to develop or re-design their site. The charges are just a fraction of what it might have cost for the same job in USA or elsewhere, but checking out the nominal rate is advisable. Think about the job you want the website designer to do exactly, the number of pages, graphics, links etc. you want on the site and check out the packages being offered by the companies for your requirements.

But making your website rank among the most searched ones is no walk in the park; it requires relevant content and attractive designing, along with superlative SEO skills. All website design companies offer SEO services and quite a few sites designed by these companies come up on the first pages of popular search engines. So hire a web designer in India who has some pages ranked in the top engines, namely Google, Yahoo and

All in all, a web design firm should exercise strategic planning, business promotion techniques, creativity, application development as well as solution maintenance while creating a site. These are the points you need to keep in mind while thinking of getting your website designed in India. With the help of these useful tips, you are bound to zero in upon the most apt designer for your website.

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